God's Nature, Attributes, and Logical Conclusions
The following is provided as food for thought. The logic is a bit deep here and there, and who's to say the conclusions are
correct? It is merely an exercise of the mind starting with the three main attributes of God and then drawing conclusions. The
information is provided here to provoke your thought. Consider it if you choose.
The 3 Attributes of God are:
- Omnipotence - He has the power to do anything He desires (Job 42:2; Luke 1:37).
- Omnipresence - He is in all places, all the time (Jer. 23:24; 1 Kings 8:27; Psalm 90:2).
- Omniscience - He knows all things (1 John 3:20).
Out of these attributes flow His works:
- Election - choosing who is saved (John 1:12-13; 6:37-40; Eph. 1:4;11; Rom.. 8:29-30; Acts 13:48; Phil.
- Predestination - bringing into reality his will (Eph. 1:4-5; Rom. 8:29; )
- Creation - bringing the universe into existence (Isaiah 44:24; Col. 1:16-18).
- Providence - guiding and providing for His creation (Psalm 135:7; Ecc. 3:13; Acts 14:17).
- There are natural conclusions to be drawn from God's attributes.
- If He is omnipotent, then He has the power to accomplish anything He desires. He can create, alter, or destroy a universe
and all that is in it.
- His omnipotence necessitates that He retains complete control over all objects that exist and events that occur;
otherwise, He would not be omnipotent.
- Therefore He is able to create whatever He desires and govern over all He has created.
- If He is omnipresent, then nothing is hidden from Him.
- This includes all dimensions; all time, whether past, present, or future; and every form of existence, either
thought, action, or substance.
- Therefore God fully encompasses all that exists.
- If He is omniscient, then He eternally comprehends all things actual as well as potential.
- Furthermore, it is necessarily true that God comprehends all things from His eternal nature since omniscience, by
default, is to know all things eternally lest there be a "time" when God did not know something.
- God comprehending all things actually means that He comprehends all things that do exist.
- This includes all objects in the entire universe, all thoughts, all actions, all motions, etc.
- God comprehending all things potential means
- All things that could exist but do not exist, whether they be thought, deed, object, energy, etc.
- All things that have existed but no longer exist, whether they be thought, deed, object, energy, etc.
- All things that will exist but do not yet exist, whether they be thought, deed, object, energy, etc.
- Logically, there are an infinite number of potential objects and events and combinations of objects and items
that could have existed. But since they do not all exist, their knowledge is restricted to the mind of God since only
He could conceive of an infinite number of potential objects and events.
- Logically, there are an infinite number of potential objects and events that were not chosen by God (through His
creative action) to exist outside of His mind. Therefore, the present world is the world that God has chosen to exist
out of an infinite number of possible existences.
- To deny God's omniscience is to deny His omnipresence. In order for God to know all things, He must be in all places
at all times, past, present, and future.
- If God's omnipresence is denied, then this god is not the God of the Bible.
- If God voluntarily does not know all things (i.e., He chooses to restrict His knowledge of future free will
choices of people), then, since He is omnipresent, He would have to know all the choices of people - by default. To
not know these things would be impossible for God since it would entail a type of "forgetting" where God would choose
not to know something which He must, by nature, know. This is self-contradictory and cannot be true. Therefore, God
must know all things because He is omnipresent and because He is omnipresent, He knows all things.
- Therefore, since God is omnipotent, omnipresent, and omniscient, He is able to create anything He desires while retaining
perfect knowledge and complete control of all actual objects and actions - including perfect knowledge and complete control
of all possible combinations of events of all those objects and actions.
- It necessarily follows that all things (actual and/or potential) that have been are now or will be in existence occur
by the direct control of God and/or the permitted control of God.
Conclusion: With all knowledge, God has absolute control over all He encompasses.
- In creation, God brought into being a finite set of actualities derived from an infinite set of
- Having been created and set in motion by God, the actual number of combinations of objects and events that will occur has
been decided upon by God.
- It cannot be that these are unknown to God, lest that violate His omniscience.
- None of the actualities are accidental, nor can they be accidental,
- Since an accident would suggest something beyond God's omnipotence, omnipresence, and omniscience.
- Since accident would imply another "god" outside the knowledge, presence, and control of God.
- None of these actualities can function in a manner that is outside the knowledge, presence, or control of God
- Because they have been brought into being by Him.
- Because God cannot make something greater than He.
- Therefore all that exists is under His knowledge and control.
- All that exists not because of accident, but because God has ordained that it exists.
- By ordain, I mean to order by virtue of His superior authority and purpose.
- This includes any result of any combination of events.
- ....since that result would have been foreknown and, therefore, ordained by God as He selected and permits the causes
that brought that result.
- Therefore, all results are foreknown; that is, they are known because they are ordained by God and, by logic, must be
what God has either caused or permitted to occur.
- This includes those events which are the results of creatures with wills because
- No will could exist apart from the knowledge or control of God because God created all wills and/or the condition
that provides for the existence of the will.
- Human freedom (being able to make equal choices of right and wrong - libertarianism) cannot be unknown by God since
He is in all places at all times. Because He is in all places at all times, He necessarily knows all the choices made by
- It follows then that evil is something permitted by God, not caused by Him, yet is under His absolute control.
- God cannot be the author of evil since God is holy, and God cannot violate His own nature.
- If God violated His own nature, He would be self-contradictory and, therefore, not be omnipotent, omniscient, and
omnipresent since all three attributes are concurrent with self-absoluteness.
- Evil is the permitted rebellion against God.
- yet it is not greater than He, nor is it out of the reach of His control, nor beyond His knowledge lest it violates
His attributes of omnipotence, omniscience, and omnipresence.
- God has created the circumstances by which rebellion against Him is permitted, but it is not He who is the direct
cause of the rebellion.
- God encompasses all that is, including evil. In other words, evil is permitted to exist within the infinite realm of
- Evil, apart and separate from God, operates within His controlled realm because nothing could exist outside God's
- Evil, operating within the realm of God, can be used by God for His good (Gen. 50:20; Acts 2:23).
- This is true since God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent and would have ordained evil's permitted existence
in the universe for the purpose of accomplishing His ultimate will....otherwise, it would not be permitted to exist.
- Additionally, it also follows, then, that everyone is either elected or not elected into salvation.
- This is because in God's infinite control of all things in all time, nothing can exist that He has not brought directly
into existence or allowed to indirectly come into existence.
- This includes the person with the will to choose or reject God.
- The human "free will" cannot exist outside the knowledge, control, and purpose of God, lest God not be
omniscient, omnipotent, and omnipresent.
- Each person is created by God with tendencies, preferences, and abilities.
- This includes the "tendency" to believe or not, as some maintain.
- Each person is put, by God, in an environment that is helpful or not helpful to receiving the gospel.
- God is aware of all these variables, knows the outcome, and places the person there.
- Therefore, salvation is ultimately dependent solely upon God because God is in control of all variables of all
situations, including the wills of His creation.
It could be no other way.
Please send me your comments if you are intrigued, confused, or stimulated to think by the above outline. Thank you.